Al-Idāfah consists of two words following eachother, the first one is called mudāf and the other one is called mudāf ilayh. Their fields of use include (but is not limited to):
- In order to show that one thing is owned by another
- In order to make two words get a relation by being placed side-by-side, affecting their meaning. For example: "Keyboard", or "Doorknob"
Example of an idāfah:
"The book of Bilāl"
- Mudāf does neither carry tanwīn nor alif lām at-ta“reef.
- Mudāf ilayh is always majroor.
"The soorah of sincerity" (a chapter of the qur'an is called a soorah)
"The women's soorah"
"Bilāls mothers house"
"This is a page of a book"
"This is the page of the book"